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What are Chronic Diseases?

Health problems related to medical reasons or symptoms or conditions that require long-term care (3 months or more) are defined as “chronic diseases”. Chronic diseases are diseases that cause a slow and progressive deviation and irreversible changes in normal physiological functions, cover a long period of life, and require continuous medical care and treatment.

Chronic diseases can also be defined as non-communicable diseases (NCDs), that is, diseases that are not caused by an infectious agent but are caused by genetic predisposition, lifestyle or environmental exposure.

“Citizens with low immune systems and chronic lung disease, asthma, COPD, cardiovascular disease, kidney, hypertension and liver disease, and citizens who use drugs that impair the immune system.”